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A Drug Dealer, Undercover Ops, Entrapment, and the Future of the Writers’ Police Academy

Last week my wife Denene and I traveled to North Carolina to be with her mother during yet another surgery (you may recall that she and our daughter were each diagnosed, just weeks apart, with serious cancer). Her surgery went well and she’s now back at home.

On our way back to our own home we took a detour to visit with my brother and his wife for a few minutes. The side trip to their house took us deep in the countryside where it’s not unusual to see a black bear crossing the road, or a dozen or so deer grazing on my brother’s property.

To return to a major highway after leaving my brother’s place, we first had to trek along several narrow treelined backroads, where thick leafy canopies overhang, allowing only bits of sunlight to leak through between branches, speckling the asphalt with splashes and dots of yellow.  It was like I image it would be to travel through the twisting and turning lens of an old kaleidoscope.

Denene and I chatted along the drive with our conversation turning toward the possibility of hosting a 2020 Writers’ Police Academy. We brainstormed ideas as to how, if we decide to host a 12th event, to top earlier years and which new classes and topics we could offer.

We discussed past events and favorite sessions and activities. We also discussed that 2020 would be a year without Linda Lovely and Howard Lewis, our two key volunteers who’ve decided to move on after many years of hard work and loyal service to the WPA. Of course Denene and I are grateful to all they’ve done for us and the event over the past several years. The four of us have been together during fun times and extremely difficult hardships.

But, as it’s been said, “The show must go on.” For now, though, the head-scratcher of the day is whether or not to return to Sirchie, NWTC’s Public Safety Academy in Green Bay, or to simply call it quits after 11 wonderfully successful years. I’d love to see your preferences in the comments below.

Okay, back to the rest of the trip back home from N.C.

We twisted and wound throughout the network country roads, passing a couple of boarded-up country stores, the kind that once sold hunks of hoop cheese and slices of bologna from long tubes, hand-dipped ice cream cones, pickled eggs and pigs feet from large glass jars, live minnows and crickets, and blocks and bags of ice.

Cotton field in Virginia

Small clapboard-sided churches and fields of soybean and cotton and corn were part of the landscape, as were modest homes and barns and tin-roofed sheds cobbled together from plywood and 2x4s.

Then, we passed a house that stirred a long forgotten memory. It was a brick rancher with a gravel driveway. The entrance to the drive was flanked by two large wooden wagon wheels, one on either side. A vivid picture crossed my mind—a Virginia State Police car parked in that very driveway. Wow, how could I have forgotten about this trooper, a man who played a part in shaping me as a police officer.

Let’s Back up a Bit

I’ve worked undercover assignments in my day, most of which involved narcotics operations. My very first one took place, and it pains me to say just how long ago it was, back in the 70s. I know, I’m one of the “old guys.”

By the way, writers, that’s a term sometimes used by younger cops when referring to active-duty officers who tend to show a bit of gray hair and “donut induced belly droop” at the waistline. Old Guy is a moniker that also refers to retired cops.

I was reminded of my “old guy” status during a past WPA when I overheard instructor Rick McMahan using me as an example to emphasis a point during one of his presentations. He said something similar to, “Lee Lofland could probably tell you about how it went back then. He’s one of the old guys.”

When Denene and I passed that brick house I mentioned above, I immediately recalled sitting in a beat-up old car while two troopers placed “bugs” in the passenger side door panel and beneath the dashboard. I didn’t wear a wire in case the dealer opted to check for one, and he did. My handler, the trooper who lived in the brick house, was briefing me about my “target,” a major drug supplier who sold only large quantities of marijuana (“pot,” back in the day). Nothing smaller than five pounds, actually.

It was my job to gain the man’s confidence and work my way into his trusted circle. The goal was to become one of his dealers. I was brought in from another area to prevent the possibly of recognition. It was a tough assignment for a couple of reasons. One – No one had been able to gain the man’s trust. Two – He was a black man who generally didn’t associate with white people, and I’m obviously white. And he didn’t, as a rule, sell to white people. Didn’t trust them. Not at all. So my assignment was an uphill climb from day one.

But, at the time was hair was quite long and my daily attire was often grungy jeans, t-shirts, and Converse tennis shoes. I definitely looked the part and I walked the walk and talked the talk.

Me completing paperwork at the time of this operation.

Long story short, I did indeed manage to work my way inside the “team” and was soon given five pound packages of “pot” to sell. I was easily successful at unloading the drug because I simply turned it over to my handler, and the Commonwealth of Virginia, through the Va. State Police, kindly forked over the cash/buy money.

To my supplier, I was a fantastic “employee.” He assumed I was selling to white folks from Richmond to Norfolk and Virginia Beach, to Raleigh and everywhere in between. He even accompanied me on a couple of sales to undercover Va. State Police troopers. We arranged these sales to prove that I was not an undercover agent.

So, the day came to make the arrest. Since I was then working other assignments I was not part of the raid team. In fact, I didn’t see the man again until we came face to face in court during his trial, and if looks could kill I’d have been butchered, burned, and fed to wild hogs and hungry lions.

When I took the stand to testify about, in great detail, the operation that brought us to the point of the arrest and subsequent criminal proceedings, his high-priced, fancy-dressed defense attorney tried his best to discredit me. But, it didn’t work. Not even close. To pat myself on the back a bit, I remained calm, cool, and sharp.


The attorney tried every trick in the book, including the old standby of entrapment. But this one failed miserably. You’ve probably heard someone somewhere say that undercover (UC) police officers absolutely must identify themselves as officers at some point during the operation, otherwise the, as the myth goes, the suspect’s constitutional rights are violated. It is incorrectly believed that if a UC does not identify themselves then they have entrapped the person who committed the crime in question.

Well, hogwash. This is without any doubt whatsoever, a myth of epic proportion. It’s fake news spewed by people who do not know the law.

Yet, this highly-educated and quite successful attorney, well, he sort of went there, asking me this question during his cross examination. “Did you tell my client what you were going to do with the marijuana he gave you? 

I sat in silence for a moment to allow the prosecutor to butt in, object, or whatever,  but he elected to not do or say anything.

Therefore, my response to this dumb question was the first thing that popped into my somewhat warped mind. “No I did not. And I didn’t because I don’t believe he’d have given me large quantities of marijuana to sell if he knew I was handing it over to Va. State Police Troopers for the purpose of building a solid case against him.”

Laughter then roared from the courtroom, and even the judge chuckled before asking the defense attorney if he had any further questions for me. He replied, “No, sir. I don’t believe so.” Then he turned and took a seat.

The drug dealer was found guilty and was handed a lengthy prison sentence.


“Government agents may not originate a criminal design, implant in an innocent person’s mind the disposition to commit a criminal act, and then induce commission of the crime so that the Government may prosecute.” ~ Jacobson v. United States, 503 U.S. 540(1992).


Again, I’d truly like to hear you thoughts regarding a potential 2020 Writers’ Police Academy—return to Sirchie, NWTC’s Public Safety Academy in Green Bay, or to simply call it quits.

So please do post your thoughts in the comments section below. Also, if we are to continue hosting this wonderful event we may need volunteers to help out, especially people with experience in planning large events with lots of moving parts. We also may need a few people to fill smaller roles during the event—help with raffle, check-in, reception, banquet, etc.

Working as a WPA volunteer involves lots of hard work and no pay (sounds tempting, I know). However, the experience is extremely rewarding in many ways. If you should consider becoming a WPA volunteer, please keep in mind that the Writers’ Police Academy is not a typical writers conference. There are no craft sessions, agent and/or editor panels, nor are there pitch sessions with agents and/or editors.

The WPA is a hands-on learning event whose focus is solely on teaching writers about law enforcement, forensics, and crime-solving. It’s an event that welcomes everyone, and it’s a place that’s free of politics. It’s fun. It’s exciting. And it truly is a Disneyland for writers of all genres, from beginning writers to top bestselling authors. Fans and readers, journalists, librarians, booksellers, etc. are also welcome to attend.

19 replies
  1. Lynette B Eason
    Lynette B Eason says:

    Hi Susan, I’m hearing impaired, too. Seriously hearing impaired. I went to the one this year with Sirchie and did pretty well. I probably should have asked for special seating in the classes and the big group sessions, but even without those, I was able to understand enough to make it worth going for me. 🙂 Just thought I’d throw that out there for you.

  2. Ed Hamell
    Ed Hamell says:

    I love WPA and have admired Lee for many years. Being a civilian I have found WPA to be an excellent source for all of my writing. Hope it will continue. Thanks to Lee and family for the hard work and devotion to this venue.

  3. Linda
    Linda says:

    I truly want to attend an event, but timing is always an issue with my schedule, so I won’t know until a month or so ahead of time if I can attend.

  4. D Brown
    D Brown says:

    I love the Writer’s Police Academy .. I hope it will continue .. Going back to Green Bay Wisconsin would be perfect .. learning from the best the right way to tell our stories is what we need and crave … thank you for all of your hard work.

  5. Lee Lofland
    Lee Lofland says:

    Thanks for the comments. No, I’m not tired of the event. Not at all. I actually enjoy it and we’ll keep it going as long as there is an interest from writers. But we don’t know this unless we hear from you in responses to surveys, social media posts, or even here on this blog.

  6. P. T. Bradley
    P. T. Bradley says:

    I’ve attended two years, both in N. Carolina. They both were great. This year I received valuable information I needed for the book I’m working on. I hope you continue, and like Bob, I could have used another day to catch the sessions I missed. 🙂 I also understand if you want to call it quits. Not happy about it, but understand. WPA is such a great opportunity for writers.

  7. melanieatkins
    melanieatkins says:

    I would hate to see the WPA end and would be happy to volunteer to help with registration, etc. I would also like for it to remain in NC simply because it’s easier for me—but I will go back to Green Bay if that is what you decide. The WPA is my happy place.

  8. Richard M. Konecki
    Richard M. Konecki says:

    This year was a first time for me to attend WPA. I found the sessions offered at Sirchie and the hotel of very high quality. First, would like to see WPA 2020, second I think bringing it back to Raleigh would be great. As a thought, I live just a mile or so from the Durham police academy and have attended the Citizen’s Police Academy and have contacts in both DPD and Durham Cty Sheriff’s office. I also am a member of InfraGuard which is a public outreach info sharing group run by the FBI. By making that point, it might be possible to blend the Green Bay type sessions with the more classroom sessions like this year. Logistical challenges, sure. But we have a lot to offer in the triangle. I’d be happy to volunteer in what ever capacity would help. My wife is an event planner but don’t tell her I told you.

  9. Susan Dunn
    Susan Dunn says:

    HI, Lee. I was unable to attend the WPA Green Bay, even though Linda offered free tuition one year because of the timing. For me Green Bay or North Carolina or Sirchie would cost the same transportation-wise, and I feel with my hearing impairment I would get more out of a more action-oriented WPA. I would still love to attend if you decide to host another WPA somewhere–and I understand if you’re “done”–I would definitely consider volunteering in some capacity.

  10. Sharee
    Sharee says:

    This year was my first WPA and it was OUTSTANDING. By far the best writer’s conference I’ve attended. I loved the Sirchie classes and would definitely do it again.

  11. peggyrothschild
    peggyrothschild says:

    I loved my one year attending the WPA in Wisconsin. Being on the west coast, either location’s a journey and, whatever you decide, thank you so much for the wonderful experience.

  12. Bob Mueller
    Bob Mueller says:

    WPA is and has been a terrific opportunity for writers of all genres, really. You’ve given them the chance to learn about all things police. I learned quite a bit this year and made some contacts that will certainly be helpful in the future. I’d love to attend another, and another, and another. The sessions this year were great, and terribly difficult to choose from; I would have happily taken another day to get to the sessions I didn’t have a chance to get to.

    I’ve never volunteered because I’m way down or over here, and didn’t have the funds to attend until this year, so I figured I couldn’t really help much. If you keep going, please let me know how I can help.

    You’ve had a rough past couple of years. No one could ever fault you for needing to take a break to recharge the batteries and get healthy again.

    Maybe you switch to every other year? Or have one year be a “stock” or introductory kind of thing, “Cops for Writers 101,” and have the other year be more in-depth? That might make the “off” year a little easier to handle.

    No matter what you decide, thanks for what you’ve done for writers.

  13. Lisa Carter Author
    Lisa Carter Author says:

    I would love to see MurderCon return to Sirchie. I attended for three years when WPA was in the High Point area, but due to the cost because of distance, I was unable to attend the Green Bay conferences. Sirchie was such a unique learning experience. I heard so many wonderful comments from attendees. As a Raleigh resident, I would certainly volunteer in whatever way I might be useful. You and Denene have been such an advocate for writers in our genre. But like Kath, I totally get that seasons of life call us to different responsibilities.

  14. Kath Nyborg
    Kath Nyborg says:

    I’ve only been to the WPA in NC. It was absolutely invaluable, and I’d love to attend a second time. Sadly, Green Bay was too expensive to fly into for me, so it’s a location issue more than anything.

    That said, organizing is a hard, time consuming road. If you decided to give it a rest, or to call it “done”, I’d completely understand.

    Regardless, you’ve given the writing community something amazing for 11 years. Thank you for it!

  15. Colleen Pallamary
    Colleen Pallamary says:

    This year’s event at Sirchie was outstanding and inspirational. Attendees buzzed with excitement every day and night and it would be great to have another MurderCon. You and the instructors have given us such unique opportunities to learn and grow as writers and human beings and I would love to participate again. Crime may not pay but learning about it does. Thanks for all you do.

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